A/Prof Derya Ozkul, Senior citizen Research Other, Refugee Research Centre, School of Oxford
Increasingly, technology and methods are being used to streamline asylum procedures. These range from biometric matching engines that determine iris verification and fingerprints to sites for refugees and political refugees to chatbots to help people signup protection cases. These tools are made to make this easier with regards to states and agencies to process asylum applications, especially as many systems are currently slowed services offered by a juilliard therapy center down due to the COVID-19 pandemic and raising levels of pressured displacement.
However they raise a host of human legal rights concerns. For instance , privacy concerns, opaque decision-making, and the potential for biases or equipment errors which may lead to discriminatory outcomes. They also pose significant concerns to migrants and refugees, who can be already disenfranchised and vulnerable.
Ozkul’s explore explores many ways in which fresh technologies can be used to verify identities and narratives of migrants, allowing them to quicken their asylum application method. It also examines the ways through which these systems can create a specific informational space around migrant workers, and how they will configure the subjecthood. Next Foucault, this lady argues that such algorithms are both local and institutional. For example , eye scanning methods can be seen since an institutional technology, as they require the migrant to enter a specific terrain in order to be recognized; while suggestion algorithms are industrial and global in their effects, configuring subject areas as buyers.
As a result, they enact a specific form of hegemonic power above displaced people. This is especially true granted the current contest to the lower part in asylum policy : with some countries offering bonuses like the Nansen passport to help cachette resettling and others awe-inspiring restrictive insurance plans that block their access to location and induce them on dangerous and deadly journeys.